園林假山設計製作是一種講究意境的造型藝術，是自然界名山大川的藝術縮影。 一般用於建造石質假山的石材，根據其質量分為軟、硬兩類。 大型園林假山設計製作主要由硬質石材建造。 由於硬質石材所具有的形態、紋理、色彩等特點，通常根據其形象決定創作主題，再根據材料的構思進行造型。
The design and production of garden rockery is a kind of plastic art that pays attention to artistic conception and is the artistic epitome of famous mountains and rivers in nature. Generally used for the construction of stone rockeries, the stones are divided into soft and hard according to their quality. The design and production of large-scale garden rockery is mainly made of hard stone. Due to the shape, texture, color and other characteristics of hard stone, the creative theme is usually determined according to its image, and then the modeling is carried out according to the idea of materials.
In the construction process of garden rockery design and production, the layout method of mountains and stones is particularly important, mainly including the following points.
1 )需要區分假山中的主要部分和主要部分，使主要部分和主要部分假山中所有石頭的風格、質地、色彩、紋理、脈絡一致。 但是，山形、大小、高低也要有一定的變化。 山高低，參差不齊； 山腰的線平滑，左右有一定的變化，一個坡度陡，一個坡度平緩，山的形狀形成一個動靜。 園林假山設計製作在山腳下，為了突顯麵朝山的水的柔軟度，需要擁抱、蜿蜒、線條自由。
1) it is necessary to distinguish the main part and the main part of the rockery, so that the style, texture, color, texture and context of all stones in the main part and the main part of the rockery are consistent. However, the shape, size and height of mountains should also change to some extent. The mountains are high and low, uneven; The line of the hillside is smooth, and there are certain changes on the left and right. One slope is steep, the other is gentle, and the shape of the mountain forms a dynamic and static state. The garden rockery is designed and made at the foot of the mountain. In order to highlight the softness of the water facing the mountain, it needs to embrace, meander and free lines.
2 )園林假山設計製作中疏密、疏密適宜、疏密，意味著山石分布不均勻。 園林假山造型布局中，山石皺褶的圖案、群峰的位置、植物的裝飾、襯裙的布置等都要疏密。 通常，庭園假山主峰一帶是*密的地方，山石密布，樹木密植； 在配峰部分比較少。
2) in the design and production of garden rockery, density, suitable density and density mean that the distribution of mountains and stones is uneven. In the modeling and layout of garden rockery, the pattern of rock folds, the locations of peaks, the decoration of plants and the layout of petticoats should be dense. Usually, the main peak of the garden rockery is a dense place with dense mountains and rocks and dense trees; There are few peaks in the peak matching part.
3 )園林假山設計製作中的開閉講究的是庭園假山的藝術形式中的開閉，開是大勢所趨，合是結束。 立峰為開，坡腳近合山為開，遠山為合。 一般庭園的假山配置由3~4個開閉構成，開閉交替出現，可以使假山表現出節奏的節奏。
3) the opening and closing in the design and production of garden rockery pays attention to the opening and closing in the artistic form of garden rockery. Opening is the general trend and closing is the end. The peak is open, the foot of the slope is close to the Heshan, and the far mountain is close to the Heshan. Generally, the rockery configuration of the garden is composed of 3 ~ 4 openings and closures, which appear alternately, which can make the rockery show the rhythm of rhythm.
4、園林假山設計製作的虛實、虛實相生於假山藝術之中，虛實既指藝術的邊界，也指藝術的處理手法。 藝術界是指庭園假山所表現出的深遠意境(稱為虛境)，假山形成的真實景觀(稱為實境)。 虛實的藝術手法是指庭園假山所表現出的虛空和真實存在。
4. The virtual reality and virtual reality in the design and production of garden rockery are born in the rockery art. The virtual reality not only refers to the boundary of art, but also refers to the handling method of art. The art world refers to the far-reaching artistic conception (called virtual environment) expressed by the garden rockery and the real landscape formed by the rockery (called real environment). The artistic technique of emptiness and reality refers to the emptiness and real existence shown by the rockery in the garden.
5) the exposure and hiding in the design and production of garden rockery, and the exposure and hiding in the exposure, means that the rockery in the garden has scenery outside the scenery, showing a moving picture full of feelings in the scenery, which can create a far-reaching artistic conception.
6 )園林假山設計製作中的天空和白色、空白處理空白在假山中所占的空間大小，對整個布局效果起著重要的作用。 表現湖光、山色、海島風景等時，空白要大，山角的處理要簡潔； 另外，以重山峻嶺、峽穀險灘等為題材時，要縮小空白，山角的處理也要複雜多樣。
6) the space occupied by the sky, white and blank processing in the design and production of garden rockery plays an important role in the overall layout effect. When expressing lake light, mountain scenery and island scenery, the blank should be large and the treatment of mountain corners should be concise; In addition, when taking heavy mountains, valleys and dangerous beaches as the theme, we should narrow the gap, and the treatment of mountain corners should also be complex and diverse.
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